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Chloramphenicol


Generic Name: Chloramphenicol

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Tablets

Chloramphenicol is a powerful antibiotic with the ability to kill a wide variety of bacteria. It interferes with the production of proteins that the bacteria need to multiply and divide. This inhibits the ability of the bacteria to grow (bacteriostatic) and therefore stops the spread of the infection.

Chloramphenicol has the potential to cause serious side effects when given by mouth or injection, therefore its use is reserved for life threatening infections.

This belongs to the group of drugs known as anti-infective ear preparations.

Chloramphenicol is indicated to treat bacterial infections of the ear by killing the bacteria responsible.

Antibiotic

Chloramphenicol is indicated to treat bacterial eye infections. Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic that works by stopping the growth of bacteria.

Chloramphenicol treats only bacterial eye infections. Chloramphenicol will not work for other types of eye infections. Unnecessary use or misuse of any antibiotic can lead to its decreased effectiveness.

Antibiotic

Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic indicated to treat a variety of bacterial infections.

Indications

Haemophilus influenzae infection
Severe infections
Typhoid

Chloramphenicol is best taken on an empty stomach 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals. Chloramphenicol may be taken with food or milk if stomach upset occurs. The liquid suspension form of this drug must be shaken well before using. Store in the refrigerator. Check the expiration date and discard any unindicated portion after 14 days because the drug loses potency. Antibiotics work best when the amount of drug in your body is kept at a constant level. Do this by taking the medication at evenly spaced intervals throughout the day and night. Continue to take Chloramphenicol until the full indicated amount is finished even if symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping the medication too early may allow bacteria to continue to grow resulting in a relapse of the infection.

Side effects


Abdominal pain;
Bloating;
Blood disorders which may be serious;
Diarrhea;
Diarrhoea;
Fatigue;
Fever;
Headache;
Nausea and vomiting;
Nausea;
Newborn babies with immature liver function can get a serious side effect where the skin develops a grey colour and there is circulatory collapse (grey syndrome);
Pins and needles (paraesthesia);
Rash;
Sore throat;
Stomach upset;
Tingling of the hands or feet;
Unusual bleeding or bruising;
Vision changes or eye pain;
Visual disturbances;
Vomiting;

Synonyms

In some countries Chloramphenicol may also be known as:
- Abefen;
- Amplobiotic;
- Anuar;
- Arifenicol;
- Aristophen;
- Auridonal;
- Bariclor;
- Beaphenicol;
- Biophenicol;
- Bioticaps;
- Brocil;
- Cebenicol;
- Chemicetina;
- Chloroph;
- Chlorphenicol;
- Chlorsig;
- Clorampast;
- Clorampler;
- Cloranmicron;
- Clorazin;
- Clorofunon;
- Diarman;
- Europhenicol;
- Exacol;
- Farmicetina;
- Feniclor;
- Fenicloran;
- Gemitin;
- Golden Eye;
- Halomycetin;
- Isopto Fenicol;
- Kemicetin;
- Klonalfenicol;
- Leclor A;
- Naxo;
- Neo Fenicol;
- Oftadil;
- Oftan Akvakol;
- Oftan Chlora;
- Oleomycetin;
- Optrex Infected Eyes;
- Palcol;
- Palmifer;
- Paraxin;
- Pentamycetin;
- Pluscloran;
- Poenfenicol;
- Posifenicol C;
- Quemicetina;
- Reclor;
- Sificetina;
- Sintomicetina;
- Synthomycine;
- Thilocanfol C;
- Thilocof;
- Uni Fenicol;
- Uniclor;
- Ursa-Fenol;
- Vanmycetin;
- Visalmin;
- Vitamfenicolo;
- Vixmicina;
- Xepanicol;


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