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Cefixime


Generic Name: Cefixime

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Tablets

Cefixime belongs to a group of antibiotics called the cephalosporins. They kill bacteria by interfering with the ability of bacteria to form cell walls. The bacteria therefore break up and die.

Cefixime is one of a group of antibiotics known as cephalosporins.

It treats infections by killing or stopping the growth of the bacteria that cause them.

Cefixime is available in tablet and oral liquid form.

Antibiotic

Cefixime, a cephalosporin antibiotic, is indicated for bacterial infections of:
- Ears;
- For uncomplicated gonorrhea;
- The chest;
- Throat;
- Urinary tract;

If you are allergic to either penicillin or cephalosporin antibiotics in any form, consult your doctor before taking Cefixime. An allergy to either type of medication may signal an allergy to Cefixime, and if a reaction occurs, it could be extremely severe. If you take the drug and feel signs of a reaction, seek medical attention immediately.

Antibiotic

Cefixime is a semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic, chemically similar to penicillin. Cefixime is effective against a wide variety of bacteria organisms, such as:
- E coli;
- Haemophilus influenzae;
- N gonorrhoeae;
- Streptococcus pneumoniae;

Indications

Infection of the kidney (pyelonephritis)
Infections of the ears, nose or throat
Infections of the organs associated with breathing, including:
- Lungs (respiratory tract);
- Nasal passages;
- Sinuses;
- Windpipe;
Infections of the urinary tract
Allergy to penicillin-type antibiotics
Kidney disease

Cefixime is effective against susceptible bacterias causing infections of:
- Bronchitis;
- Laryngitis;
- Pneumonia;
- The middle ear;
- Throat infections;
- Tonsillitis;

Cefixime is indicated in treating urinary tract infections and gonorrhea. Cefixime is also useful in treating acute bacterial bronchitis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Side effects


Abdominal pain;
Abnormal liver tests;
Allergic reaction to active ingredient;
Arthritis;
Confusion;
Diarrhea;
Diarrhoea;
Dizziness;
Fever (pyrexia);
Fever;
Gas;
Headache;
Headaches;
Hyperactivity;
Indigestion;
Inflammation of the large intestine (colitis);
Itching (pruritus);
Itching;
Joint pain;
Loose stools;
Mild diarrhea;
Muscle tightness or dizziness;
Nausea (feeling sick);
Nausea;
Nervousness;
Problems sleeping;
Pseudomembranous colitis (can occur even after cefixime is stopped) nausea;
Rash;
Skin rash;
Tummy pains;
Vaginitis;
Vomiting (being sick);
Vomiting;

Dosages

ADULTS

Infections Other Than Gonorrhea

The usual adult dose is 400 milligrams daily. This may be taken as a single 400-milligram tablet once a day or as a 200-milligram tablet every 12 hours. If you have kidney disease, the dose may be lower.

Uncomplicated Gonorrhea

A single 400-milligram oral dose is usually indicated.

CHILDREN

The safety and effectiveness of Cefixime in children less than 6 months old have not been established. The usual child's dose is 8 milligrams of liquid per 2.2 pounds of body weight per day. This may be given as a single dose or in 2 half doses every 12 hours. Children weighing more than 110 pounds or older than 12 years of age should be treated with an adult dose.

If your child has a middle ear infection (otitis media), your doctor will probably prescribe Cefixime suspension. The tablet form is less effective against this type of infection.

OLDER ADULTS

Your doctor may start you on a low dosage because this drug is eliminated from your body by the kidneys and kidney function tends to decrease with age.


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