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Cefadroxil


Generic Name: Cefadroxil

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Tablets

Baxan capsules and suspension contain the active ingredient cefadroxil, which is a type of drug called an antibiotic. Cefadroxil is a type of antibiotic called a cephalosporin. Cefadroxil is indicated to treat infections caindicated by bacteria.

Cefadroxil treats bacterial infections by killing the bacteria causing the infection. It does this by preventing the bacteria from forming normal cell walls. The cell walls of bacteria protect the bacterial cells and are essential for their survival. When these cell walls are not formed correctly it causes them to disintegrate and the bacteria therefore die.

Cephalosporins are known as broad-spectrum antibiotics because they are active against a wide variety of types of bacteria. Cefadroxil is indicated to treat bacterial infections of:
- The airways eg bronchitis pneumonia sinusitis;
- The kidneys and urinary tract eg cystitis;
- The skin and soft tissues eg abscesses impetigo cellulitis;

To make sure the bacteria causing an infection are susceptible to cefadroxil your doctor may take a tissue sample, for example a swab from the throat or skin, or a urine or blood sample.

Cefadroxil is one of a group of antibiotics known as cephalosporins.

Cefadroxil is a broad spectrum antibiotic which means Cefadroxil is active against a wide variety of bacteria.

It treats infections by killing or stopping the growth of the bacteria that cause them.

Cefadroxil is available in capsule and oral liquid form.

Drug

Cefadroxil, a cephalosporin antibiotic, is indicated in the treatment of:
- Urinary tract;
- Throat;
- Skin infections;
- Nose;
that are caindicated by specific bacteria, including staph, strep, and E. coli.

If you are allergic to either penicillin or cephalosporin antibiotics in any form, consult your doctor before taking Cefadroxil. An allergy to either type of medication may signal an allergy to Cefadroxil; and if a reaction occurs, it could be extremely severe. If you take the drug and feel signs of a reaction, seek medical attention immediately.

Antibiotic

Cefadroxil is a semi- synthetic oral antibiotic in the cephalosporin family of drugs. The cephalosporin family includes:
- Cefaclor (Ceclor);
- Cefixime (Suprax);
- Cefpodoxime (Vantin);
- Cefuroxime (Zinacef);
- Cephalexin (Keflex);

Cefadroxil is active against many bacteria, including:
- Streptococcus pyogenes (the cause of strep throat);
- Streptococcus pneumoniae;
- Staphylococcus aureus;
- Proteus mirabilis;
- Moraxella catarrhalis;
- Klebsiella;
- E coli;

Indications

Bacterial infections of the organs associated with breathing, including:
- Lungs (respiratory tract) eg sinusitis bronchitis pneumonia;
- Nasal passages;
- Sinuses;
- Windpipe;
Bacterial infections of the ears, nose or throat, eg otitis media, pharyngitis, tonsillitis
Bacterial infections of the skin or soft tissue, eg abscesses, cellulitis, mastitis, erysipelas
Bacterial infections of the kidneys (pyelonephritis)
Bacterial infections of the urinary tract
Gynaecological infections
Bacterial infections of bone (osteomyelitis)
Bacterial infections of joints (septic arthritis)

Cefadroxil is effective against susceptible bacteria causing infections of the urinary tract, skin and soft- tissue as well as pharyngitis, and laryngitis.

Side effects


Abdominal pain;
Bowel infection resulting in inflammation of the bowel lining (pseudomembranous colitis);
Diarrhea;
Diarrhoea;
Disturbance in the levels of blood cells in the blood;
Disturbances of the gut such as nausea vomiting heartburn diarrhoea or abdominal pain;
Dizziness;
Fever (pyrexia);
Headache;
Headache;
Inflammation of the bowel (colitis);
Loose stools;
Nausea (feeling sick);
Nausea;
Overgrowth of the yeast candida which may cause infection such as thrush;
Pain in the joints (arthralgia);
Redness and swelling of skin;
Severe allergic skin rashes;
Skin rash and itching;
Skin reactions such as rash or itching;
Tummy pains;
Vaginal inflammation;
Vomiting (being sick);
Vomiting;

Forms

Tablets: 1 gram;
Capsules: 500 milligrams;
Suspension: 125 milligrams/teaspoon;
Suspension: 250 milligrams/teaspoon,
Suspension: 500 milligrams/teaspoon.

Dosages

ADULTS

Urinary Tract Infections

The usual dosage for uncomplicated infections is a total of 1 to 2 grams per day in a single dose or 2 smaller doses. For all other urinary tract infections, the usual dosage is a total of 2 grams per day taken in 2 doses.

Skin and Skin Structure Infections

The usual dose is a total of 1 gram per day in a single dose or 2 smaller doses.

Throat Infections--Strep Throat and Tonsillitis:

The usual dosage is a total of 1 gram per day in a single dose or 2 smaller doses for 10 days.

CHILDREN

For urinary tract and skin infections, the usual dose is 30 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight per day, divided into 2 doses and taken every 12 hours. For throat infections, the recommended dose per day is 30 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight in a single dose or 2 smaller doses. In the treatment of strep throat, the dose should be taken for at least 10 days.

OLDER ADULTS

Your dose may be reduced by your doctor.

Cefadroxil is taken once or twice daily, depending on the nature and severity of the infection. The tablets can be taken with or without food. The suspension should always be shaken prior to each dose. Patients with advanced kidney diseases may need lower doses.


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