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Amoxycillin


Generic Name: Amoxycillin

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Tablets

Amoxycillin
- Syrup;
- Sachets;
- Paediatric suspension;
- Injection;
- Capsules contain the active ingredient Amoxycillin (previously spelt amoxycillin in the UK). Amoxycillin belongs to a group of antibiotics called penicillins. Amoxycillin is indicated to treat infections caindicated by bacteria. The injection is indicated to treat more serious infections, or in cases where the drug can't be taken by mouth.

Amoxycillin works by interfering with the ability of bacteria to form cell walls. The cell walls of bacteria are vital for their survival. They keep unwanted substances from entering their cells and stop the contents of their cells from leaking out. Amoxycillin impairs the bonds that hold the bacterial cell wall together. This allows holes to appear in the cell walls and kills the bacteria.

Amoxycillin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that kills a wide variety of bacteria that cause a wide variety of commonly-occuring infections. Amoxycillin may be indicated to treat infections of the upper or lower airways, skin or soft tissue, or ears. Amoxycillin may also be indicated to treat:
- Certain sexually-transmitted infections;
- Dental infections;
- Infections affecting the blood or internal organs;
- Urine infections;

To make sure the bacteria causing an infection are susceptible to Amoxycillin your doctor may take a tissue sample, for example a swab from the throat or skin, or a urine or blood sample.

This belongs to the group of drugs known as antibiotics.

Amoxycillin is indicated to treat bacterial infections of the chest and ear, or dental abscesses, by killing or stopping the growth of bacteria. Amoxycillin can also be indicated to prevent infections occurring in high-risk patients.

Amoxycillin is also sometimes indicated alongside other preparations to get rid of: Helicobacter pylori, the bacterium believed to cause stomach ulcers.

Amoxycillin is also sometimes written as amoxycillin. You may notice the use of either spelling on the packaging of your drug.

Important: Because Amoxycillin is a type of penicillin it should not be indicated by those who are allergic to penicillin.

Amoxycillin is available in:
- Oral powder;
- Oral liquid;
- Injection;
- Capsule form.

Drug

Amoxycillin, an antibiotic, is indicated to treat a wide variety of infections, including:
- Upper and lower respiratory tract infections;
- Skin infections;
- Middle ear infections;
- Infections of the genital and urinary tract;
- Gonorrhea;

In combination with other drugs such as
- Biaxin;
- Prevacid;
- Prilosec
Amoxycillin is also indicated to treat duodenal ulcers caindicated by H. pylori bacteria (ulcers in the wall of the small intestine near the exit from the stomach).

If you are allergic to either penicillin or cephalosporin antibiotics in any form, consult your doctor before taking Amoxycillin. There is a possibility that you are allergic to both types of medication; and if a reaction occurs, it could be extremely severe. If you take the drug and feel signs of a reaction, seek medical attention immediately.

Antibiotic

Amoxycillin belongs to a class of antibiotics called penicillins. Other members of this class include:
- Ticarcillin (Ticar);
- Piperacillin (Pipracil);
- Ampicillin (Unasyn);

These antibiotics all have a similar mechanism of action. They do not kill bacteria, but they stop bacteria from multiplying by preventing bacteria from forming the walls that surround them. The walls are necessary to protect bacteria from their environment and to keep the contents of the bacterial cell together. Bacteria cannot survive without a cell wall. Amoxycillin is effective against many different bacteria including:
- Certain strains of Staphylococci;
- E coli;
- H influenzae;
- N gonorrhoea;
- Pneumococci;
- Streptococci;

Indications

Bacterial infection of the middle ear (otitis media)
Infections of the organs associated with breathing, including:
- Lungs (respiratory tract);
- Nasal passages;
- Sinuses;
- Windpipe;
Bronchitis
Pneumonia
Skin or soft tissue infections
Infections of the urinary tract
Gynaecological infections, including those following childbirth or abortion
Gonorrhoea
Abdominal infections (peritonitis)
Bacterial infection of the heart valves and the lining surrounding the heart (bacterial endocarditis)
Preventing infection of the heart (bacterial endocarditis) during medical or dental procedures in people with heart valve defects or artificial heart valves
Dental abscess (as addition to surgical management)
Infection of the blood (septicaemia or blood poisoning)
Typhoid and paratyphoid fever
Eradicating bacteria in the gut (Helicobacteria pylori) that cause ulcers (in combination with other drugs)

Amoxycillin is indicated to treat infections due to organisms that are susceptible to the effects of Amoxycillin. Common infections that Amoxycillin is indicated for include infections of:
- Bronchi (bronchitis);
- Larynx (laryngitis);
- Lungs (pneumonia);
- Skin;
- The middle ear;
- Throat;
- Tonsils;
- Urinary tract;
Amoxycillin is indicated to treat gonorrhea.

Side effects

Nausea (feeling sick),
vomiting (being sick),
diarrhoea,
tummy pains.
Rash
Itching (pruritus)
Diarrhoea
Vomiting
Nausea
Blood disorders
Allergic reaction to active ingredient
Dizziness
Overgrowth of the yeast Candida, which may cause infection such as thrush
Inflammation of the large intestine (colitis)
Agitation,
anemia,
anxiety,
changes in behavior,
colitis,
confusion,
convulsions,
diarrhea,
dizziness,
hives,
hyperactivity,
insomnia,
liver problems and jaundice,
nausea,
peeling skin,
rash,
tooth discoloration in children,
vomiting
diarrhea,
dizziness,
heartburn,
insomnia,
nausea,
itching,
vomiting,
confusion,
abdominal pain,
easy bruising,
bleeding,
rash,
allergic reactions.

Forms

Capsules: 250 milligrams,
Capsules: 500 milligrams.
Tablets: 500 milligrams,
Tablets: 875 milligrams.
Chewable tablets: 125 milligrams,
Chewable tablets: 200 milligrams,
Chewable tablets: 250 milligrams,
Chewable tablets: 400 milligrams.
Powder for suspension: 50 milligrams/ 1 milliliter;
Powder for suspension: 125 milligrams/5 milliliters,
Powder for suspension: 200 milligrams/5 milliliters,
Powder for suspension: 250 milligrams/5 milliliters,
Powder for suspension: 400 milligrams/5 milliliters.
Tablets for suspension: 200 milligrams,
Tablets for suspension: 400 milligrams.

Dosages

Dosages will be determined by the type of infection being treated.

ADULTS

Ear, Nose, Throat, Skin, Genital, and Urinary Tract Infections

For mild or moderate infections, the usual dose is 250 milligrams every 8 hours, or 500 milligrams every 12 hours. For severe infections, the usual dose is 500 milligrams every 8 hours, or 875 milligrams every 12 hours.

Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

For mild, moderate, or severe infections, the usual dose is 500 milligrams every 8 hours, or 875 milligrams every 12 hours.

Gonorrhea, Acute, Uncomplicated Anogenital and Urethral Infections

The usual dosage is 3 grams in a single oral dose.

Ulcers

For ulcer treatment, Amoxycillin is combined with Biaxin, Prevacid, or Prilosec. There are several dosage regimens available. For more information, refer to the "Recommended Dosage" section under Biaxin, Prevacid, or Prilosec.

If your kidneys are severely impaired or you are undergoing hemodialysis your doctor may have to adjust your dosage accordingly.

CHILDREN OLDER THAN 3 MONTHS

Children weighing 88 pounds and over should follow the recommended adult dose schedule.

Children weighing under 88 pounds will have their dosage determined by their weight.

Ear, Nose, Throat, Genital, and Urinary Tract Infections

For mild or moderate infections, the usual dose is 25 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight, divided into two daily doses and taken every 12 hours; or 20 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight, divided into three daily doses and taken every 8 hours.

For severe infections, the usual dose is 45 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight, divided into two daily doses and taken every 12 hours; or 40 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight, divided into three daily doses and taken every 8 hours.

Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

For mild, moderate, or severe infections, the usual dose is 45 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight, divided into two daily doses and taken every 12 hours; or 40 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight, divided into three daily doses and taken every 8 hours.

For infants 3 months or younger the maximum daily dose is 30 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight, divided into two daily doses and taken every 12 hours.

The required amount of liquid medication should be placed directly on the child's tongue for swallowing. Amoxycillin can also be added to formula, milk, fruit juice, water, ginger ale, or cold drinks. The preparation should be taken immediately. To be certain the child is getting the full dose of medication, make sure he or she drinks the entire preparation.

If your child is taking the pediatric drops, use the dropper provided to measure the dosage.

For most infections in adults the dosing regimens for Amoxycillin are 250 milligrams every 8 hours, 500 milligrams every 8 hours, 500 milligrams every 12 hours or 875 milligrams every 12 hours, depending on the type and severity of infection.

For the treatment of adults with gonorrhea, the dose is 3 g given as one dose.

For most infections, children older than 3 months but less than 40 kg are treated with 25 milligrams/kg/day in divided doses every 12 hours, 20 milligrams/kg/day in divided doses every 8 hours, 40 milligrams/kg/day in divided doses every 8 hours or 45 milligrams/kg/day in divided doses every 12 hours depending on type and severity of the infection.

Amoxycillin can be taken with or without food.

Synonyms

In some countries Amoxycillin may also be known as:
- AMPC;
- Abiolex;
- Acimox;
- Acroxil;
- Acucil;
- Agerpen;
- A-Gram;
- A-Lennon;
- Alfoxil;
- Almorsan;
- Alpha-Amoxi;
- Alphamox;
- Amacin;
- Amagesan;
- Ameclina;
- Amelox;
- Amimox;
- Amitrexyl;
- Amitron;
- Amix;
- Amixen;
- Amobay;
- Amobiotic;
- Amoclen;
- Amodex;
- Amofar;
- Amoflamisan;
- Amoflux;
- Amogal;
- Amohexal;
- Amoksilav;
- Amoksilin;
- Amoksina;
- Amolin;
- Amopenixin;
- Amoram;
- Amorion;
- Amosin;
- Amotaks;
- Amoval Duo;
- Amoval;
- Amox;
- Amoxal;
- Amoxapen;
- Amoxaren;
- Amox-G;
- Amoxi;
- Amoxibacter;
- Amoxibeta;
- Amoxibiot;
- Amoxibron;
- Amoxicap;
- Amoxicina;
- Amoxicler;
- Amoxicom;
- Amoxidal Duo;
- Amoxidal;
- Amoxident;
- Amoxidil;
- Amoxi-Diolan;
- Amoxidoc;
- Amoxiduo;
- Amoxifar;
- Amoxifur;
- Amoxiga;
- Amoxigrand;
- Amoxi-Hefa;
- Amoxihexal;
- Amoxilag;
- Amoxilan;
- Amoximed;
- Amoxi-Mepha;
- Amoximerck;
- Amoximex;
- Amoxina;
- Amoxinovag;
- Amoxi-Ped;
- Amoxipen;
- Amoxipenil;
- Amoxipoten;
- Amoxisol;
- Amoxistad;
- Amoxi-Tablinen;
- Amoxitan;
- Amoxitenk;
- Amoxival;
- Amoxivan;
- Amoxivet;
- Amoxi-Wolff;
- Amoxol;
- Amoxyfizz;
- Amoxypen;
- Amplal;
- Amplamox;
- Ampliron;
- Amsaxilina;
- Amusa;
- Amylin;
- Antiamox;
- Antibiostad;
- Apo-Amoxi;
- Aproxal;
- Ardine;
- Ariproxina;
- Aristomox;
- Armoxin;
- Aroxin;
- Asiamox;
- Atoksilin;
- Azilline;
- Bactigent;
- Bactimed;
- Bactox;
- Beamoxy;
- Betabiot;
- Betamox;
- Bgramin;
- Bimoxan;
- Bimoxin;
- Biomoxil;
- Biotamoxal;
- Bioxilina;
- Blenox;
- Bodisan;
- Borbalan;
- Bradimox;
- Bradoxil;
- Brenoxil;
- Bristamox;
- Britamox;
- Brondix;
- Camoxin;
- Cartrimox;
- Cilamox;
- Cilfam;
- Cipamox;
- Clamoxyl;
- Clearamox;
- Clofamox;
- Clonamox;
- C-Mox;
- Co Amoxin;
- Daisamox;
- Darzitil;
- Demoksil;
- Dimopen;
- Dobriciclin;
- Docamoxici;
- Doxamil;
- Dunox;
- Duomox;
- Duzimicin;
- Edamox;
- Eleomox;
- Escamox;
- Essenmox;
- Eupen;
- Examolin;
- Fabamox;
- Farmoxil;
- Fisamox;
- Flemoxin;
- Flemoxine;
- Flemoxon;
- Flubiotic NF;
- Flui-Amoxycillin;
- Fullcilina;
- Galenamox;
- Genmox;
- Geramox;
- Gexcil;
- Gimalxina;
- Globamox;
- Globapen;
- Gobens;
- Gonoform;
- Grinsil Duo;
- Grinsil;
- Grunamox;
- Grunicina;
- Helvamox;
- Hiconcil;
- Himox;
- Hincomox;
- Hipen;
- Hosboral;
- Humamoxin;
- Hydramox;
- Ibamoxil;
- Ibiamox;
- Imacillin;
- Imadrax;
- Imox;
- InfectoMox;
- Ipcamox;
- Julphamox;
- Jutamox;
- Kamoxin;
- Kramollex;
- Largopen;
- Lewixin;
- Licilon;
- Lifamox;
- Limoxin;
- Lin-Amox;
- Littmox;
- Lorexil M;
- Loxyn;
- Maelenoxyl;
- Manmox;
- Maxamox;
- Maxcil;
- Medimoxil;
- Medvox;
- Megamox;
- Meixil;
- Milamox;
- Mixcilin;
- Mocimed;
- Mokcan;
- Montramox;
- Mopen;
- Mox;
- Moxacin;
- Moxadent;
- Moxal;
- Moxan;
- Moxapen;
- Moxcil;
- Moxiclina;
- Moxilanic;
- Moxilen;
- Moxilin;
- Moxillin;
- Moximed;
- Moxiped;
- Moxipen;
- Moxiplus;
- Moxiren;
- Moxitab;
- Moxitop;
- Moxitral;
- Moxlin;
- Moxycarb;
- Moxypen;
- Nemoxil;
- Neo Moxicilin;
- Neo-Ampiplus;
- Neomox;
- Neotetranase;
- Nobactam;
- Novabritine;
- Novacil;
- Novocilin;
- Novoxil;
- Nu-Amoxi;
- Ocylin;
- Optamox;
- Oralmox;
- Oraminax;
- Oramox;
- Ospamox;
- Oximar;
- Pamocil;
- Pasetocin;
- Penamox;
- Penbiosyn;
- Penimox;
- Penticlox;
- Penvicilin;
- Pharmox;
- Pinamox;
- Plamox;
- Polibac;
- Polimoxil;
- Polymox;
- Pondnoxcill;
- Prodomix;
- Prodoxil;
- Promox;
- Promoxil;
- Pulmoxyl;
- Rancil;
- Ranmoxy;
- Ranoxyl;
- Reichamox;
- Remisan;
- Remoxil;
- Respicilin;
- Rimoxallin;
- Roddexil;
- Salvapen;
- Samox;
- Sentapen;
- Servamox;
- Servamox-F;
- Sia-Mox;
- Sievert;
- Sintopen;
- Solciclina;
- Spectramox;
- Spectroxyl;
- Stevencillin;
- Strimox;
- Sumopen;
- Sumoxil;
- Supramox;
- Symoxyl;
- Syncloxil;
- Telmox;
- Telsimox;
- Teramoxyl;
- Termox;
- Topramoxin;
- Trexil;
- Trifamox Duo;
- Trifamox;
- Trimox;
- Trimoxal;
- TVMox;
- Ultramox;
- Uni Amox;
- Unimox;
- Valmox;
- Vastamox;
- Vaxman;
- Velamox;
- Westfimox;
- Xalyn-Or;
- Xeracil;
- Xiprocan;
- Yugoxil;
- Zamocilline;
- Zerrsox;
- Zimox;
- Zoxil;
- Zymoxyl;


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